Common Causes of Male Infertility
Varicocele – About 40 percent of males who are infertile have varicocele, or the presence of an enlarged vein in the testicle. Though the link between varicocele and infertility is not clearly established, theories suggest that varicocele causes blood pooling and oxidative stress on sperm, which in turn produces excess heat that damages sperm function.
Oligospermia – Also known as low sperm concentration, or low sperm count, oligospermia affects about 10 to 15 percent of infertile males. Common causes include hormone imbalance, genetic problems, or issues with production and/or transport of sperm.
Obstructive azoospermia – Obstructive azoospermia is a condition where there is absence of sperm in a man’s semen. The man produces sperm, but it is not ejaculated due to certain conditions such as: ejaculation issues, missing or blocked ductal systems, or absence of vas deferens, the tube that carries sperm for ejaculation.
Non-obstructive azoospermia – Non-obstructive azoospermia is a condition where sperm is absent in the semen due to abnormal, non-existent, or poor sperm production. The most common causes behind this condition include hormonal problems, testicular failure, genetic or chromosomal abnormalities, and varicoceles (varicose veins in the testes).
Retrogade ejaculation – Although it is a harmless condition, retrograde ejaculation is a primary cause of infertility among men. In this condition, semen is transported into the urinary bladder, instead of exiting via the urethra (normal ejaculation). As a result, there is a deficiency or absence of healthy and normal sperm in the semen.
Treatment for Male Infertility
Orchid Fertility provides a range of specialised treatment options for infertility in men. Our highly qualified specialists have years of experience helping couples in their journey to parenthood. After completing a comprehensive consultation and physical examination, we will identify and recommend testing and treatment options that will work best with your specific condition:
– Sperm Freezing
– Testicular Mapping
– Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) / Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA)
– Semen Analysis
– Varicocelectomy (Varicocele Treatment)